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《英文寫作技巧 / 其他技巧》
寫作暨閱讀技巧單元
文章連貫性Coherence
翻譯自OWL at Purdue University
翻寫者:許雅淋

當句子、概念和細節清楚地結合時,讀者很容易就可以理解,而文章也會有連貫性。在文章中,所要表達的概念要流暢並清楚地聯結在一起。

要建立讀者所需的連結,你可以使用下列的方法:

Repetition of a Key Term or Phrase(重複關鍵詞或片語)

這個方式有助於集中想法並讓讀者跟上你的思路。

Example:
The problem with contemporary art is that it is not easily understood by most people. Contemporary art is deliberately abstract, and that means it leaves the viewer wondering what she is looking at.

 
同義字 Synonyms
同義字是實質上具有相同意涵的語詞,他們提供你多樣化的文字選擇,還幫助讀者把注意力放在被討論的重點idea being discussed

Example:
Myths narrate sacred histories and explain sacred origins. These traditional narratives are, in short, a set of beliefs that are a very real force in the lives of the people who tell them.

 

代名詞 Pronouns
This, that, these, those, he, she, it, they, and we是很有用的代名詞,用以指涉先前提到的東西。然而要注意,你所指涉的東西要很明確。

Example:
When scientific experiments do not work out as expected, they are often considered failures until some other scientist tries them again. Those that work out better the second time around are the ones that promise the most rewards.

 
轉折語Transitional Words
在英文中有許多語詞是給讀者提示句子間的關係,還有連結句子的作用。請看Transitional Devices (Connecting Words)的講義。你將會發現以下的語詞都是轉折語:however, therefore, in addition, also, but, moreove 等。

Example:
I like autumn, and yet autumn is a sad time of the year, too. The leaves turn bright shades of red and the weather is mild, but I can't help thinking ahead to the winter and the ice storms that will surely blow through here. In addition, that will be the season of chapped faces, too many layers of clothes to put on, and days when I'll have to shovel heaps of snow from my car's windshield.

 

句子的形式Sentence Patterns
有時候,重複或對應的句法形式可以幫助讀者跟上文章內容,並將文章的概念融合在一起。

Example:
(from a speech by President John F. Kennedy) And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you--ask what you can do for your country.

 
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